Regulation 77 of the Australian Road Rules is in relation to giving way to buses.
So, the law states you have to give way in the following circumstances:
- You have to give way if you are driving on a length of road in a built-up area, in the left lane or left line of traffic, or in a bicycle lane on the far left side of the road, must give way to a bus in front of you if all three factors are satisfied:
a) the bus has stopped, or is moving slowly, at the far left side of the road, on a shoulder of the road, or in a bus-stop bay; and
b) the bus displays a give way to buses sign (as per the image above in this article) and the right direction indicator lights of the bus are operating; and
c) the bus is about to enter or proceed in the lane or line of traffic in which the you are driving.
The driver of the bus must give the change of direction signal for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.
"Give way" means the driver must slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision.
Ordinarily a driver stationary and pulling out from the side of the road would have to give way to traffic and have their indicator on for at least 5 seconds before they drive onto the road. However the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to the other vehicle if that vehicle is required to give way to the bus under this rule and it is safe for the bus to enter the lane, or line of traffic, in which the other vehicle is travelling.
Therefore if you are a driver of a car and a public bus is on the side of the road, you must be cautious because as soon as they put their indicator on, if it is safe for them to do so they may move into your lane and you need to give way to them. Bus drivers must only move out on the road when it is safe to do so. It is not sufficient that they simply apply their indicator and pull into the traffic without any regard for the traffic and pedestrian movements around them.
It is of course important to be courteous on the roads and your due diligence as a road user, by maintaining awareness at all times, is imperative. Buses have schedules an